How to Keep Your NFTs Safe – Decrypt

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This story comes out of PubDAO, a decentralized news wire.
Last year was unprecedented for NFTs. From blue-chip collections to celebrities joining in to a huge influx of community members, the space has endured a meteoric rise compared to 12 months ago.
Although that's brought liquidity to the space, opportunities, and vast potential to grow, it's also attracted potential scammers. Due to the decentralized nature of the NFT world, many have been left vulnerable to a number of scams. And in many cases, there's been little anyone can do to counter them.
Scammers are becoming more sophisticated, and every day someone tweets about losing their most prized digital gems. Collectors need to be more cautious than ever. Here's how.
Prime targets
The NFT space is still in its experimental stages; many have compared it to the Wild West. There's no overarching customer support, so you can't report losses to "the authorities." Yet the space still generated billions of dollars in 2021. That's what makes it a perfect breeding ground for scammers.
So-called "blue chip" NFTs are being target the most, perhaps none more frequently than Bored Ape Yacht Club, which now boasts a floor price of 96 ETH. This means a scammer could rake in hundreds of thousands of dollars with a single click. In a space built on a strong sense of community and positivity, it's still frighteningly easy for anonymous scammers to infiltrate conversations and manipulate holders. All it really takes is one momentary lapse in judgment.
The blockchain and NFTs provided autonomy, but it also means we're responsible for our assets—no bank is watching over them for you. Understanding different types of scams will help keep your NFTs safe.
Types of scams
Fake mint pages
Often during highly anticipated NFT drops, a number of OpenSea pages pop up, which can make it difficult to verify which is the legitimate collection, especially if the collection isn't verified. With FOMO percolating and time ticking, many collectors fail to take the extra step of authenticating where the assets are minting from, and they mint the wrong NFT.
Soon after, the illegitimate collection is removed from OpenSea along with that NFT, but the scammers still have the buyer's money. This recently occured with Punks Comic, where many were tricked into minting from a fake OpenSea page, losing hundreds of dollars.
Steps to take
Fake airdrops
Due to NFTs existing on the blockchain, your wallet address is public to everyone, and so is your every move. This means anyone can interact with your account, and they can send NFTs to your wallet without asking—as in an airdrop.
Scammers will often send NFTs to your wallet to get you to interact with them and to try to obtain your personal details, so it's best not to interact with any new NFTs unless you've verified their origin.
Impersonation
Impersonation is perhaps the most malicious scam, and it can entail a variety of methods.
Recently, a Twitter account was brought to my attention that had my profile picture, a copy of my bio, had tweeted some identical tweets to my own, and had amassed 5,000 followers. The only difference between my account and the fake one was that the fake one's username included an extra s: NFTs1nsight instead of NFT1nsight. That account could have easily fooled someone who hadn't seen my real account.
I can't be sure how the account was used, or if DMs were sent to potential scam victims, but I can only assume it was created maliciously. Such scams have become increasingly common, with some fake accounts adding thousands of followers to look more real.
Steps to take
There are also brand impersonations, where scammers similarly create a profile to offer support to victims of hacks, often on Discord or Twitter.
Fake links
Scammers will send fake OpenSea offers to people's emails, asking recipients to click the "view" button. Those links often will take you to a fake page asking for your wallet and seed phrase. (Never ever send someone your seed phrase.) Similar scams are rife on Discord. Once a scammer has your info, they'll transfer all of your assets to another wallet and sell them—and there's no way of stopping them. You'll find yourself in a race to salvage as many NFTs as you can.
Many scammers will sell NFTs at lowball prices just to unload them, and suspicious buyers may just scoop them up instead of inquire as to how the seller acquired them. Sometimes community efforts can help thwart this, but not always.
Jenkins impostor: A case study
Just recently, the Discord server of the prominent NFT project Jenkins the Valet was compromised by hackers after a moderator shared his screen and they were able to lock down the Discord, banning the mods and the founders themselves. The hackers impersonated Jenkins, which then enabled them to drop a fake mint link to a stealth drop, which many members believed to be legitimate. Not only was the link almost identical to the original site's, the hackers also created a stage to talk about the mint, banning anyone who questioned the authenticity of what was happening.
Unfortunately, many fell for it, and the community was scammed out of a few dozen ETH.
The lead moderator was tricked by scammers via Discord DMs that accused him of being a scammer himself. In a moment of panic and confusion, he tried to prove his innocence by sharing his messages. He shared his screen, which allowed the scammers to hack his Discord, and take control of the server.
The second issue was that Jenkins did not have full ownership of the server. Because of this, he was banned, which would have been impossible if he had owned the server. Since then, the permissions and ownership have been transferred and control has been regained, which should help prevent future scams.
The Jenkins team reacted decisively in response to the hack, rebooting its Discord from top to bottom, introducing 24/7 moderation via bots, conducting an audit, and compensating everyone who lost ETH in the scam. Jenkins also gave away one Bored Ape Kennel Club NFT as a way to apologize for the unfortunate incident.
A small upside is that the hack means they're now better equipped to battle future scammers. (You can read more about the timeline of events and the full situation here.)
There is a hack/scam(bypasses 2fa) that scammers are using to compromise discord accounts. If you are a project founder/admin, this is IMPORTANT.
Our server just got attacked.
Here's how, a🧵
— Little Lemon Friends (@LittlelemonsNFT) January 3, 2022

Security best practices
Here are more ways to keep your assets safe:
On Securing your NFTs 🔒
This week I have looked at 5 different cases of wallets being compromised and NFTs being stolen from their owners.
It breaks my heart every time this happens, but the patterns are always the same.
1/ Below are some rules to live by to stay safe
🧵👇
— richerd.eth ᵍᵐ (@richerd) February 2, 2022

Always remain vigilant in the NFT space. One brief lapse in judgment can mean the difference between a full wallet and an empty wallet.

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